Karume English Medium School
Karume English Medium Primary School at Kyebitembe area Bukoba urban
district Kagera region -Tanzania
Karume English Medium Nursery School a subsidiary of Karume Education
Centre is aimed to facilitate the Process of the Tanzanian's policy on
education, which includes eliminating illiteracy by 2010. This will only
be possible if basic education is promoted; thus karume English Medium
Nursery School is the right vehicle and entry point for the policy in
The head office of Karume Education Center is situated at Matopeni area,
Kashai ward Bukoba Urban district. Basically, it is a community based
initiative center, which is focusing to enhance promotion of under fives
and primary school education to the older children being the primary stage
that is fundamental of learning reading, writing and arithmetic. Also,
the center considers primary education to be compulsory and universal
to all school age children because builds a permanent ability in literacy.
Besides, emphasizing primary education, Karume Education Center in future
wish to provide secondary education to pupils who pass standard seven
examinations but due to limited chances they usually miss such opportunities
and remains homes.
Additional, it aims to offer vocational training skills and knowledge
to the youth who miss secondary education, so as to make them be able
to become self-reliant and contribute to their families, to the district,
region and national economic development.
Karume Education center was founded on 31 October 2002, since then it
has made several achievements which includes:
1. Has a nursery school, which was officially opened on 1st January
2003 by recruiting 31 pupils whom later their number has increased up
2. The center staff composition is based on qualifications and
experiences in handling the underfives, teaching primary school and adult
education, and collectively they possess over seas field experiences in
the words are specialist in early child hood care.
3. The nursery school is teaching subjects in English language
that is the preference of community surrounding the school
Has completed buildings, which are currently used as nursery school,
as head office, and they are equipped with basic working equipments such
as computers, books, desks, tables, chairs and etc.
4. Has a land of 10 acres at Kyebitembe area in which a proposed
primary school will be constructed just for older children. Also, essential
services like water (tap water), electricity, land line telephone and
means of transport (road) are around, Uganda Road.
5. That nursery school and head office running costs have been
met through community contributions to gather with school fees collection.
These sources do not guarantee sustainable operations and construction
of primary school due to the fact that are not guarantee in terms of how
much? For how long? And when are going to be donated. Hence it is not
optimistic to meet the budget. The situation if left to persist is likely
to affect the provision of the services and construction of primary school.
However, the requests are made to local and international agencies wish
to come into partnership with the Center and join hands financially and
6. Karume Education Center provides employment to five people
The purpose of Karume Education Center to build English Medium Primary
School is to support Tanzanian’s Education Policy to eradicate illiteracy
through increase enrollment of both under fives and school age children
by the year 2010.
Unlike, other regions in the country, Kagera region is badly affected
by undesirable uncertainties and disasters as are mentioned here below;
Firstly, in 1978 battle ground between Tanzania and Uganda troops. During
the war many of the families were seriously affected economically, socially,
and culturally. Secondly, Kagera region is the first region in Tanzania
to be affected by HIV/AIDS pandemic that is 1983, so the region lost and
is continuing loosing work force from the epidemic. Thirdly, the region
hosted more than one million of refugees from the Republic of Rwanda and
Burundi that was in 1993-1994.The refugees added stress to the already
stressed households due to limited resources. Lastly, but not the least,
in May 1996 the region again lost more than 1000 people from MV Bukoba
accident. Catastrophe added more orphans to the already weakened families.
The orphans problem
There many social and economic problems that the region face and will
continue to face as a result of AIDS pandemic. One of them is the Orphan
problem. Some of these orphans are HIV positive and others are free from
Primary school education
Bukoba urban with a population of 82555 (2002 census) has 22 registered
government primary schools that serve 14136 pupils and 6 privates registered
English Medium primary schools that admit not more than 215 pupils every
year. (SOURCE: Bukoba town Council education office report) This indicates
that a number of eligible school age children is not in schools but is
at homes and one among the many reasons is due to missing of enrollments
in the existing schools. The challenge is more schools are needed and
Government alone cannot fulfill these tasks without getting community
Pre school education
Nationally, until the year 2003 there were 744750 registered nursery schools
(SOURCE: Ministry for Education and Culture) Kashai ward with 16 locations
example has 11 pre school centers.
Karume Education Centre
Ever since Karume Education Center was founded and officially opened its
nursery school at Matopeni area, in Kashai ward, 65 pupils are schooling
in the nursery while are nearby and maintaining contact with their parents,
additional, the center aims have been:
1. To solve outstanding problem of parents of Kashai ward people
to enroll their kids at nearby nursery and avoid unnecessary costs to
send their children for nursery education in other wards.
2. To respond to government call to individuals, religious organizations,
Non Governmental Organizations to contribute to education sector
3. To respond to increase of fewer under fives due to for nursery
education who increase each year.
4. The service has been gained positive response from the users
and are pressing request to management to extend service to primary school
level, to increase enrollment opportunities, eventually to reduce number
of school age children who miss schooling opportunities every year due
to limited schools. Karume English medium primary school will strongly
promote enrollment of girls in formal education.
5. In the other words, Karume Education Center has decided to
build English medium primary school to support the government policies
that want every eligible child has to get basic primary school education
also is meet community demand of English language.
6. Karume Education Center philosophy is to provide equitable
services so that the whole community benefits regardless their age, gender,
marital status, nationality, physical capabilities, race, and religion.
Therefore, the intended primary school also will follow the same philosophy
and will not only increase enrollment opportunities to the eligible children
but also will consider seriously child girl education because hundreds
of young girls as young as of school age are made house girls and completely
denied their fundamental rights, that is a rights to education. For example
the regional labor office report that there are more than 4000 house girls
in Bukoba town and more than 50% of them neither is able to read nor to
7. Either the Karume English Medium primary school will partially
to solve problem of parents whose sometimes are forced to send their children
outside the country like Uganda and Kenya just to seek for quality of
education and English language and the consequences have been to take
out our potential foreign currencies that are needed to support country’s
economic development. The intended primary school will be additional to
the already existing private schools in the district that teach subjects
in English language and will have qualified and experienced teachers and
will be having modern facilities according to technological advancement
Increase number of children missing education
Since independence the people of Tanzania have been demanded quality education.
But their dream has not achieved due to many reasons including limited
schools. Like other social services in the country, education sector has
been obstructed by numerous setbacks and some of those problems have been
shortage of classrooms compared to the demand. Due to shortage of schools,
every year a big number of children is missing basic education. It is
a big number because none has been done to establish the real figure of
eligible children, who miss education yearly, eventually to grow without
basic education, that mean they are illiterates. Example is Kashai ward
that is largest ward in Bukoba Urban compared to other wards and has a
population of 18436 people (2002 Census) but has three primary schools
Pupils over crowded in classrooms
Since the universal primary education was introduced in the year1977 and
Education Sectoral Development Program in 1995 there has been a marked
increase number of pupils in schools in such a way that existing classrooms
are facing with problem of over congestion. However the situation has
created difficulties to teachers in managing pupils in classrooms and
pupils have been experiencing poor learning environment, as results, some
of children complete primary education without knowledge of reading and
writing therefore, to defeat government’s policies to eradicate poverty
and illiteracy by the year 2010. Example of over congestion is number
of children enrolled in standard one in the year 2001-2003. Normally,
one stream accommodates 45 pupils and is one teacher per stream. (MMEM
Drop out from schools and school pregnancy
The drop out rate among the schoolgirls is high because parents take them
out of schools or prefer to pay school expenses to sons against daughters
or keep their daughters at home to do domestic duties; therefore, discrimination
affects education development and achievements among the girl children.
Example, is focus group discussion conducted to some drop outs by Karume
Education Center management in Kashai ward it concluded that factors like
parents negative attitude towards girl children, orphan hoods, loose interest
in schooling because of overcrowding in classrooms, poor attention from
teachers, poor performances, together with shortage of desks and books
are causes to the problem to grow up. Nationally, drop out rate was 0.64
of all primary school pupils in the year 2002. (SOURCE: the Minister for
Education and Culture 2002 report)
This problem of drop out is very serious to girl child because hundreds
who drop out are still as young as 8 to 10 years old and are made to work
the whole day as house girls. To express the magnitude of the problem
in Bukoba district, the Regional labor office reports, for example in
the year 2003 reported that there are more 4000-house girls in Bukoba
town itself that are employed as house girls instead of be in schools.
Besides drop out and missing enrollment, also the problem of schoolgirl
pregnant is becoming rampant, for instances, by the year 2003, nationally
a total of 2227 primary school girls were expelled from school due to
pregnancies (SOURCE: Minister for Education and Culture, Sunday Observer
Taking young children outside the country
Normally, parents or caretakers to send children out side the country
to search for good education demonstrates democracy. But a need assessment
carried out to some parents that sons and daughters are schooling in Uganda
and Kenya. They mentioned issues like looking for English language, high
charges in our English medium primary schools compared to costs charged
by our neighbor’s countries primary and nursery schools, lack of qualified
and experienced teachers, and shortage of basic teaching materials contribute
to send their sons and daughters out side the countries. But has a negative
impact to households and country’s economy because it involves of taking
out the foreign currencies in a form of tuition and boarding hence to
weaken their economic power. Besides ruining country’s economy, children
usually suffer from loosing parent-child relationship and care. Thus,
they are affected psychologically, culturally, and socially. In the other
words the children become victims of poor socialization.
Rationale of the project
The rationale behind to Karume Education Center construct English medium
primary school is not only to increase enrollment opportunities but also
is to reduce over crowding pupils in the existing school’s classrooms
and to provide relief to parents not to continue spending much resources
through sending children out side the country just for looking for learning
English language. Finally, is to make children schooling while are within
their home environment
Is to have improved standard of education and schooling environment that
will encourage enrollment, learning to children and teaching to teachers
so that to eradicate illiteracy and poverty in the year 2010.
1. To promote enrollment by 25% of eligible children to primary education
in the first seven years since school is opened.
2. To solicit funds by 50% of total amount required to construct the
English medium primary school at Kyebitembe and sensitize community to
support the construction and make them ready to utilize the services so
as to encourage sense of ownership
3. To promote and maintain networking with the existing English medium
primary schools, Non Governmental Organizations, Community Based organization,
Faith Based Organizations, individual showing interest, local and International
organizations so as to have regularly sharing of information and exchange
1. Construct the buildings for English medium primary school
2. Recruit qualified and experienced teachers.
The primary beneficiaries of Karume English Medium Primary School are
children in the age of seven up to fourteen years old.
That means in the first seven years a total of 860 children will benefit
and out of those 5% will be AIDS orphaned children and children living
on the streets. Unlike other children these special groups will be given
priorities and free services.
The proposed school is built at Kyebitembe area and will border with Kashai
Rwamishenye, Kagondo,and Nshambya ward. But, Kashai children will be given
special consideration and priority because of its geographical difficulties
and high population density. Others are children from the rest districts
in the region and from over lake.
Karume Education Centre Structure is as follows:
Four capable people with specific expertise assigned by board of Director.
Their tasks will consist of monitoring the progress of the center. The
trustee will hold financial and legal responsibility of Karume Education
The advisory board of directors
Karume Education Center Board of Director consists of 8 elected members;
selection is based upon experience and expertise. Meeting of the Board
takes place every end of year. The Board advises and supervises the overall
operation of Karume Education Center and approves all major policy decision.
It is responsible for management assignments, ensure financial accountability
and provide directions to management. The members of the Board are listed
with details about their expertise and other positions the currently hold.
Executive director, Managenebt and staff
Karume Education Center management and staff consist of 6 people.
Director: Mr Seif Rukubayunga Mkude.
Karume Education Centre
Request for support
Join hands now. our support is worth praise as Mother Theresa once said.
"I Know that what we are doing is just a drop in the Sea, but the
Sea would be different without that drop"